Do Indiana bats hibernate?
When winter comes and the nights are bitterly cold, there is nothing more desirable than a soft, cozy bed to retreat to for the night. As with many warm-blooded animals, the same desire is shared; However, these creatures are not only concerned with comfort, finding shelter from the harsh winter weather is also a vital tactic for their survival during the season. During these times, food is scarce and conditions are treacherous, so many animals find alternative means of survival. One of these methods is called “hibernation. “
Several familiar species use hibernation, an instinctive strategy, to help them survive the harsh winter season. During hibernacula, lethargy is induced while major metabolic changes occur in order to survive, including a drop in body temperature and a reduced heart and respiratory rate. Animals such as marmots, squirrels, chipmunks, raccoons, bears, and even bats use hibernation to “get through the winter.” (The word ‘hibernation“comes from the Latin word”,hibernate“which literally means”spend the winter. “) Many animals hibernate, but bats in particular are experts in the wild.
One of the more common hibernating bat species is called the Indiana bat, or Myotis Sodalis. The first of its kind was discovered in 1904, in Wyandotte Cave in southern Indiana, hence the name “Indiana“Bat. Its scientific name, Myotis Sodalis, it is quite appropriate since “Myotis“half”mouse ears“, which turns out to be an accurate description of the Indiana bat whose ears are small and mouse-like. The latter term,”Sodalis“half”co-worker“which also fits because they are a very social and collective species. They form large colonies and group together when it is time to hibernate.
An interesting fact about a bat’s hibernacula is that they accumulate and store a particular type of fat cells called “brown fat“on the back, shoulder blades and belly. This helps them retain adequate body heat and energy to survive the hibernation period. Unfortunately, they are an endangered species, so their winter survival is at stake. They usually hibernate for a period of 6 months, then emerge once spring arrives.
But sometimes, overdevelopment can drive bats out of their natural habitats, forcing them to seek refuge elsewhere. This is how most bats become an annoying problem for owners. If you have a problem with bats on or around your property, contact a licensed bat removal company that practices safe, humane, and non-lethal bat exclusion services.